Framework Programmes are the most important EU-tools to finance R&D in Europe. The European Commission submitted the programme and the Council and European Parliament adopted it in a co-decision procedure. The programme expands on a period of five years, the last of which overlaps with the first year of the following programme. Since 1984, six frameworks have been carried out. The seventh framework started on 1 January 2007 and ends in 2013.
In the Lisbon strategy, R&D is a key component of the ’triangle of knowledge’, which has to stimulate growth and employment in the European Union (EU) in a global economy. The seventh Framework Programme (FP7) for the period 2007 – 2013 offers the EU the opportunity to adjust the study policy to its economic and social ambitions by reinforcing the European R&D scope. To achieve this goal, the Commission wants to increase the EU annual budget allocated to studies in order to cultivate more national and private financing. In its implementation, FP7 should not only meet the requirements of the industry’s studies and knowledge, but also those of European policy. The framework is structured according to four programmes and is considerably simplified in comparison to the previous programmes. This has been done in order to increase its effectiveness and to simplify the accessibility of the examinators (FPR-001 en FPR-002).
The budget for FP7 was fixed at 50.521 billion euros.
Some relevant documents:
FPR-002: “FP7 Tomorrow’s answers start today??, brochure about seventh framework programme (European Commission)
FPR-001: Decision No 1982/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Community for research, technological development and demonstration activities (2007-2013) (European Parliament and the Council)